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Éducation aux TIC, cultures informatiques et du numérique : quelques repères historiques

Abstract : Education in information and communication technology (ICT) should take into account common culture shared (or thought to be shared) by the pupils. Defining such education today also requires the informatics "object" to be more fully understood: within a historical perspective, by the cultures that are associated with it, and in the manner of conceiving the object. Indeed, developments in computer science might suggest that we have, within the space of 30 years, moved from computer fluency to digital culture. The former could be said to be focused on code and knowledge of programming languages while the latter could be said to be centered on usage, thanks to increasingly user-friendly and transparent interfaces. These two types of culture currently exist side by side without allowing us to think that there has been any movement of the one towards the other. Discussion of these cultures refers in fact to a conception of computer science that we put into perspective in order to be able to reflect on the question of "education for" with regard to ICT. In this article we will then set out three views of information technology which seem to us to be particularly meaningful in clarifying the debate: an intellectual approach, interaction with the objects, and a social informatics, based on cooperation among actors or agents (humans or non humans) and collective intelligence.
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https://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_00768672
Contributor : Béatrice Drot-Delange <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 17, 2013 - 2:17:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : sic_00768672, version 1

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Béatrice Drot-Delange, Eric Bruillard. Éducation aux TIC, cultures informatiques et du numérique : quelques repères historiques. Études de communication - Langages, information, médiations, Université de Lille, 2012, 38, pp.69-80. ⟨sic_00768672⟩

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