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Le libre accès en France en 2012: Entre immobilisme et innovation

Abstract : Ten years after the Budapest Open Access Initiative, we have examined the current situation of Open Access in France via the two open access (OA) roads: the Green (self-archiving) and the Gold (OA publishing). HAL, a central multidisciplinary French archive launched in 2002, is recognized for its technical quality, but 10 years after its creation it only includes 10 to 15% of the annual French scientific output. This figure is similar to other repositories worldwide for which there is no mandatory policy (no mandate). On the other hand, archives such as that of Liège University which has a mandate, achieved an 80% deposit rate within two years. Other than HAL, a number of institutional archives are being developed in France, with Archimer and OATAO being two successful examples, thanks to dedicated library staff. In order to support the editorial offer in open access the Centre pour l'Édition électronique Ouverte (CLEO) recently launched the Open Edition Freemium. This initiative should favor the development of OA periodicals. However, the study based on the list of qualifying periodicals in Human and Social Sciences, shows that researchers are not encouraged to publish in these periodicals by national assessment bodies; very few French open access periodicals are on the different qualifying lists of the agence d'évaluation de la recherche et de l'enseignement supérieur (AERES - French research and higher education assessment agency). In addition, a wide disparity can be observed between disciplines. Different examples of strong policies in favor of OA are given: at the university level, as at Liège university, at the level of foundations, as at FRS-FNRS in Belgium, at the level of the Europe or at the legislative level, as attempted in the USA or Brazil or Argentina. In France the two roads are supported by interesting initiatives and these should be accompanied by strong French government policy to enable the benefits of open access to be rapidly reaped.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 19, 2012 - 10:06:59 PM
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Hélène Bosc, Hans Dillaerts. Le libre accès en France en 2012: Entre immobilisme et innovation. Liinc em revista, Rio de Janeiro RJ: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Laboratório Interdisciplinar sobre Informação e Conhecimento, 2012, Novos paradigmas da comunicação científica: ampliando o debate, 8 (2), ⟨10.18617/liinc.v8i2.502⟩. ⟨sic_00767470⟩



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