Abstract : The development of information technologies in what is often reffered to as the “information society” is at the origin of new uses, new exchanges wich necessitate the implementation of new economic and judicial models. The copyright constraints and above all its the immateriality have not only been misunderstood but also ignored by society. Recently, French parliament has proclaimed the principle of illegality of peer to peer file sharing between internet users. We will need to reconcile a fair and equal compensation of “authors”, taking into consideration international legal constraints regarding free access to knowledge and information, as required by the Tunis agreement. The issue of the compensation of authors therefore appears to be one of the most important aspects the new internet governance.