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Conference Papers Year : 2010

Collaborate to co-elaborate knowledge : between necessity and opportunity


In the literature within the field of Information Sciences and Communication, there is no consensus about the definitions of the terms "collaboration" and "cooperation" as a mode of work. In order to fill this gap, we decided to conduct a case study to gather the existing mental representations of an educational community in a junior high school (collège) in the department of Vaucluse in the south of France, about the conception of "collaborative" and “cooperative” work. In this puspose we manage to apply a content analysis methodology combined with a systemic and a constructivist approach to collect and analyze these mental representations. This collection allows us to identify both the objective and the subjective perceptions about collaboration and cooperation existing within this community. From these perceptions, our main proposition in this paper is to set up a referencial framework for best practices in collaboration to proceed to the “deconstruction” of imperfect mental representations, held as obvious, and to replace them by constructing a correct appropriation. The aim is to properly capture the concepts and practices they imply. Actually, collaboration, boosted by the use of the Internet becomes an area where knowledge is constructed by the interaction between individual knowledge and ressources from the social interactions with the context. This synergy build a collective experience that enhance the individual capacities to be competent in various situations. For these reasons, nowadays the practice of collaboration is both a neccesity and an opportuny to well done activities and to innovate.
En l'absence d'un consensus autour des expressions « travail collaboratif » et « travail coopératif » dans la littérature relevant du champ des Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication, nous avons choisi d'effectuer une recension de l'existant sur les représentations mentales d'une communauté éducative sur le syntagme « travail collaboratif ». Pour ce faire, nous avons recueilli et analysé, selon une approche associant systémique et constructivisme, les représentations mentales de dix sept enseignants d'un collège du Vaucluse. Nous avons utilisé une analyse de contenu thématique et catégorielle, en articulant la rigueur de l'objectivité à la richesse de la subjectivité. Nous avons cherché à identifier les discours dominants afin de procéder à la déconstruction des représentations mentales tenues comme évidentes pour aboutir à l'élaboration d'un référentiel autour du syntagme « travail collaboratif » dans le but de s'approprier correctement la pratique collaborative.
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Dates and versions

sic_00451018 , version 1 (28-01-2010)


  • HAL Id : sic_00451018 , version 1


Fatima Zohra Taouil, Sandrine Beau, Parina Hassanaly. Collaborate to co-elaborate knowledge : between necessity and opportunity. International Conference on Information Systems and Economic Intelligence, Sousse, 18-20 février 2010, Feb 2010, France. pp.non définies. ⟨sic_00451018⟩


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