V. Bertalanffy, L. Dengel, and A. R. , General System Theory Ludwig London: Penguin Making document w ork: challenges for document understanding, Int. Conf. on Document Analysis and Recognition, pp.1026-1035, 1973.

J. Lemoigne, La théorie du système générale, 1994.

A. Newell, The knowledge level, Artificial Intelligence, vol.18, issue.1, pp.87-127, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-3702(82)90012-1

I. Nonak, A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation, Organization Science, vol.5, issue.1, pp.14-37, 1994.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.5.1.14

T. Roger and . Pédauque, Document : forme, signe et médium, les re-formulations du numérique