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Analogy-based post-treatment of CNN image segmentations

Abstract : Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have proven to be efficient tools for image segmentation when a large number of segmented images are available. However, when the number of segmented images is not so large, the CNN segmentations are less accurate. It is the case for nephroblastoma (kidney cancer) in particular. When a new patient arrives, the expert can only manually segment a sample of scanned images since manual segmentation is a time-consuming process. As a consequence, the question of how to compute accurate segmentations using both the trained CNN and such a sample is raised. A CBR approach based on proportional analogy is proposed in this paper. For a source image segmented by the expert, let a be the CNN segmentation of this image, b be its expert segmentation and c be the CNN segmentation of a target image close to the source image. The proposed approach aims at solving the analogical equation "a is to b as c is to d" with unknown d: the solution d of this equation is proposed as a segmentation of the target image. This approach and some of its improvements are evaluated and show an accuracy increase of the segmentation with respect to the CNN segmentation.
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Contributor : Jean Lieber Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 31, 2022 - 9:58:53 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 20, 2022 - 10:46:56 AM


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Justine Duck, Romain Schaller, Frédéric Auber, Yann Chaussy, Julien Henriet, et al.. Analogy-based post-treatment of CNN image segmentations. 30th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2022), Sep 2022, Nancy, France. pp.318-332, ⟨10.1007/978-3-031-14923-8_21⟩. ⟨hal-03765310⟩



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