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Introduction

Abstract : This book follows a day organized by Daniela Ricci on October 23, 2013 on Construction and identity representations, thanks to the support of the Maison des sciences de l'Homme Paris Nord. As the name suggests, it is not a question of questioning - again, we might say - the construction of identity representations, but rather the construction and representations of identity. This little word, binding changes everything, and places the whole project in an innovative and creative perspective, centered on a weaving between the observable that is construction: what we can pose as visible, being the "there", representative of something and, at the same time, what is shown as identity representations. To use the well-known metaphor of the iceberg, the research work carried out here by the contributors is to work on what, on the surface of the water, makes the link, constitutes as united matter, the visible on the surface and the hidden in immersion, but constitutive of a foundation, structure and foundation, of what appears, on the surface. However, nothing, a priori, in this floating part, allows to precisely define the forms in its submerged part: to know this, it will be necessary to dive-and explore the whole block. It is in this way, "by diving", that each contributor has sought here to highlight the way in which the two parts can work together - and not necessarily, the way in which they would be together constituting the same object. What is under study here is, in a way, the ecology of co-dependency phenomena, in the sense that these phenomena vary according to place, time, medium; in the sense that they are circumstantial, 'together', and that this is what makes their wealth. Symbol of this link between visible and invisible, apparent speeches and implicit speeches, the authors of this work have thus chosen to focus on cinema and what it reflects, means, restores, reconstructs, exemplifies, sometimes also transcends reality , everyday life and stereotypes. The work thus begins with two perspectives on identity building. Sylvie Dallet's first text introduces on a theoretical level all the texts which will follow by questioning cinema and video as techniques that are both creative and participating in the construction of identities, even a technique for creating new identities. Each person is unique by their origin and their course and this fundamental diversity shapes the “aura” which correlates the man to the work (Benjamin). The artist expresses this silent language, through visible forms which translate invisible correlations of the essential ballet of the intimate and the outside world. This emergence of forms always corresponds to places of creation, vagabondages which enrich the first perceptions. The place conditions the development of the work, a condition that the filmmakers have translated by the notion of "locations". The idea is thus posed from the start of a "relation to the world which is reestablished through the" creative power of the machine "", as well as to the creation / re-creation of identities through the sounds which to consider all on the same level as constitutive of identity - in the sense that all sounds participate in the construction of individual and collective identities. The sounds retained, listened to, are no longer just musical, but of all kinds, from the screeching of the tire to the symphony, all, like "sounds", are equal. The playwright Ibsen offers through Peer Gynt (1876) a reflection on identity which takes up the metaphor of onion: this perhaps lies more in the accumulation of successive peels rather than in the search for a impossible nucleus. Imaginations remain in terms of the identity of good drivers, fighting against our excesses with humor and the diversity of things. Amzat Boukari-Yabara examines, from a personal experience of five months in Israel, what being black of African origin implies in the Israeli-Palestinian context and invites us to understand the many political, territorial, religious stakes, but also imaginary that are enamelled with being black in Israel.
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Béatrice Fracchiolla. Introduction. Thomas Cepitelli; Thierno Ibrahima Dia; Daniela Ricci. Arts, négritudes et métamorphoses identitaires, L'Harmattan, pp.21-29, 2017, 978-2-343-10990-9. ⟨halshs-02474856⟩

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