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Excuse, politesse et euphémisme dans le débat d’entre tours aux présidentielles 2017 : un exemple de violence verbale détournée autour de la radicalisation des jeunes en France

Abstract : Starting from the research framework developed on verbal violence by Auger et al. 2008, Moses 2011, 2012, Fracchiolla et al. 2013b, the hypothesis developed here is that verbal violence and euphemism would today be the two main discursive modalities of political function and would be part of the same continuum articulated on the notion of indirection. This, from the commonly shared implicit assumption that what one says indirectly would be less violent; nevertheless, as the works cited on verbal violence have shown, indirect structures can also, in a less visible manner, be carriers of verbal violence. They are thus very present in political language - insofar as in particular it would be unwelcome for politicians to insult each other publicly and head on, without damaging their ethos (image), and therefore their probability of being elected ( Amossy 2010; Auchlin 2000). The studied corpus is made up of exchanges around terrorism and radicalization in the debate between two rounds of the presidential elections in 2017, between Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen, between minutes 57 and 82 of the debate. The study endeavors to analyze the elements of indirection and more particularly the euphemisms and the implicit and ironic expressions with value of direct or defensive attack on this subject which aim, simultaneously, to disqualify the adversary in his capacities to assume the highest responsibilities; and parry his attacks without ever apologizing - which would immediately mean electoral defeat. We will explain from this distinction, how a continuum exists between verbal violence and euphemism, to conclude on the relationships between euphemism and excuse. The theoretical framework is here, within the language sciences, that of pragmatics and philosophy of language articulated with performativity (Austin 1962). Language is considered here more generally from the perspective of the promise and the "word given" and its taking into account in a relational interactional perspective (Allouch et al. 2010; Fracchiolla 2013b; Kerbrat-Orecchioni 1992; Vion 1999).
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 9, 2020 - 6:29:04 PM
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Béatrice Fracchiolla. Excuse, politesse et euphémisme dans le débat d’entre tours aux présidentielles 2017 : un exemple de violence verbale détournée autour de la radicalisation des jeunes en France. Manuel Rebuschi; Ingrid Volery. Comprendre, expliquer, excuser ? plaidoyer pour les sciences humaines et sociales, Éditions du Croquant, pp.47-62, 2019, 9782365122245. ⟨halshs-02471938⟩

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