Abstract : For an anthropology of communication What do we mean by “anthropology of communication”? The term is used for the ethnographic analysis of human communication as well as for behavioural changes due to the application of new information technologies. We put forward an introduction (below), to be followed by seven texts: three reflections on “anthropology”, three on “communication” and one concerned with the overlap between these two concepts. Starting with December 2004, these papers will be accessible at the rate of one paper a month. Our intention is to search for all terms associated with “anthropology” and “communication”, to create an inventory of representative semantic fields for them, to indicate current overlaps established by colleagues carrying out communications and information research as well as possible overlaps in the future.