Abstract : This paper presents a collective analytic work on the document in its transition to digital form carried out within a network of researchers of the CNRS Information and Communication Science and Technology (STIC) Department. The collective drafting of a text, carried out with a device of annotations, built an analytical inventory of research in progress. It stressed three topics: the form, the text and the medium which reflect the radical transformations that are taking place and the issues still going on. In particular, the more and more dynamic construction of documents actually transforms their traditional stability. The advance of the collective thought could lead to the development of a theory of the document.